A good point.
A good point.
The Soviets, East Germans and some Polish troops invaded in 1968.
Germans 1938. The Commies started taking over in 1948, completed the task in 1949.
8 seems to be a bad number for that country.
(OK it came to existense in 1918..)
I guess this is quite common amongs the generation that went through a bad war, but my parents always had a "stash" of sugar, flour, coffee, tea etc.
They always bought "restaurant" sized packages. Cheaper, and you have a supply.
The negative part was that the cornflakes always lost the flavour and crispiness after I and my sister had consumed about 1/4 of the huge package.
Makes one wonder whether King Ottokar II of Bohemia (Czech) and King Stephen V (Hungary)truly considered the ramifications of what they were doing when signing the Peace of Pressburg ;)
That said, popular tradition holds that Ottokar, son of good King Wenceslaus,was rather fond of hunting and drinking, with Pilsen and Budweis--the two cities most associated with Czech beer, developing their breweries during his reign.He is also said to have been a strong proponent of trade, enticing skilled German-speaking immigrants to settle in his domains. Now, we all know how much Germans love their beer, but Bavarian Purity Laws concerning the standards andcomposition of beer didn’t come into being until 1516 (first put forwardin 1487), with hopped beer not perfected in German towns until the C13th meaning that, until then, beer was mainly brewed in the home, such that home in turn was where the good beer is.
Fast forward to 1858 (yes, an “8” in there, and a great yearfor Czechoslovakia and beer!)..After investing in a new brewery (state of the art at the time) and commissioning a Bavarian brewer (Groll), the Czech city of Pilsen came up witha better beer (1842), and in 1858/9 registered Pilsner Bier, with Original Pilsner Bier thereafter in or about 1898 (another "8" ;) . Most of the beer enjoyed around the world today being made in the "Pilsner style" in fact .Moral of the story: When Czechs and Bavarians come together, it means the world has plenty of BEER!!!
Inviting a foreign people to help improve the local culture was something that was done quite often in the past. Catherine the Great inited lots of zgermans and Czechs ( Bohemians) to Russia, the Germans to improve the idustry, and the Czechs to improve the Agriculture ( the Czechs had learned from the Dutch how to drain marshland, plus they had perfected acarp aquatic ulture for food ).
The Czechs invited Germans from the mountainous areas around the Alps, to populate the mountainous borderland.
I like to remind people that are overly nationalistic of how our countries have prospered and evolved by inviting foreigners, and learning from them.
Your Beer story is so truthful!
The Breumaister somehow discovered the special Pilsner yeast.
The ancient yeasts fermented and floated on top of the liquid, Pilsner yeast is distributed in the liquid.
the Ales and Bitters of UK are of the old style.
Carlsberg in Denmark claim they started brewing the Pilsner style beer in 1847. Not true, thir other claims are also not true.
Well said, Janne.
And likewise true, Chronopolis: North America, discovered first by the Norse in or about AD 985 (landing in Newfoundland, long before Columbus), the French centuries after that arrived so as to establish New France--stretching through what is now Canada and USA. The French immigrants carried those same values of openness with them to the New World. trading with indigenous populations, etc. and also welcomed indeed encouraged settlers. In the beginning for e.g., that area which is now known as Quebec today had a problem. Too many men, i.e. officers, soldiers, farmers, etc., but not so many women. The King decided to adopt numerous young .............--many from French orphanages where they had received a good education, as well as Parisians in search of a nice officer (i.e., proverbial knight in shining armour), but also good German, British and others applied and were accepted. These "King's Daughters" as they are well known, were empowered with a most generous dowry, arriving in present-day Quebec with a mission: to select for themselves a nice husband (a huge thing at the time; elsewhere in the EU including France women had the right to divorce, but not to choose whom to marry --children didn't get to choose back then, it being their parents' decision; this, in turn, no doubt encouraged many French and other EU women to apply, and apply they did/) It was a very successful program, as demonstrated by the fact they've so many descendants, still celebrated by numerous of those descendants today.
Fast forward to present day Canada and the USA: in the beginning, it is also well known that the USA was very inviting to immigrants, being immigrants themselves, "send us your weak and your tired and your poor" the USA said to the rest of the world, or so the song goes. And the people came in droves! Canada also reached out to immigrants, but not with the same zeal at all.
No. Canada was much more reserved, more picky if you will, still, immigrants likewise came, with Eastern Europeans (Czechs, Yugoslavia (formerly known), Polish, etc. mainly, but so many others as well) settled in the mountainous areas of Canada, bringing with them their knowledge and skill in agriculture to put into production lands which baffled others, the British their insititutions and rule of law, the French their entrepreneurial, pioneering spirit, Germans their skills and industry, etc. Still, it was a reserved approach, compared to that of America's, which was arguably much more open and risk-taking, indeed. And the USA with its culture of risk in turn flourished (30-odd million Canadians, 10x the number of Americans.)
Today, immigration policies have changed. Canada remains conservative (employs a point-system, so many points given for languages, education, skills, etc.) but the US which was far more "risk taking" if you will is today rather closed (quota system, and lottery as I understand). Shame, really. The "melting pot" philosophy of the USA was an astouding success, I agree. That said, China, India and Brazil are all today reaching out to the world and inviting in foeigners, skills, technology, industry, etc. .... Makes one wonder, doesn't it? Seems to me to be a recipe for success, I agree.
Maybe I do not see the US as the Greatest, but it is one of the countries that made the most impressive development from poor under developed to one amongst the top.
Another fact is something most people forget. It applies to new countries, like the ones in the Americas, Australia, NZ.
Only the poorest, and usually the most uneducated, emigrated. Prople that would have starved to desth back home. But, by the new opportunities and by their work ethics, They prospered incredibly fast.
I always joke with my Australian friends, that their forefathers were jailbirds, and their wifes prostitutes.......
Also, the food culture has prospered. In Scandinavia, by tradition there is a dish that is basically a hamburger, but it is eaten with steamed potatoes and brown sause and lingonberries. ( basically the same stuff as you can eat at your local IKEA store, except the burger is in the form of meatballs)
So some dude had the brilliant idea to take a bread bun, put the burger inside, add some preserved tomatopuree ( ketchup), some pickled ghurkins....
same idea as a Sandwich ( hold in hand, no mess) but more real food.
we have all the basic dishes in Europe, but it took an American brain to combine it. And the result is World Domination in food!
( i do not see a Hamburger as junk food. A proper one is healthy. Bread, meat, veg.)
I gind the interaction of cultures very intersting, specially since qe moved to the Caribbean.