A while back in a thread on the 10 rarest Russian watches, the Severni Poljus automatic from the First Moscow Watch Factory was nominated. One has now joined my collection.
It is the first I have personally seen. It came to me as part of Dieter Brunow's collection (aka Raketa).
The Cyrillic dial signature translates as 'pole', referring to the North Pole. It contains a 22-jewel 2415 Rodina-type automatic movement, with a relatively uncommon ruby jewel rotor bearing. It was made sometime between 1957 and the earliest 1960s.
I don't know too much more about this watch, except that the dial has a very unusual compass logo and it is very rare. If anyone out there has additional information, I would be eager to hear it.
Visit my website -- WWW.USSRTIME.COM -- for additional photos and information. Use the custom search feature to search for the term 'poljus'.