Thanks for the clarification mroatman. Unfortunately, watch manufacturers are perpetuating this myth in their own materials.
This is from an apparent translation of the Vostok Amphibia manual:
Winding the Watch
If you wear the watch on your hand every day there's no need to wind it up. The watch uses an automatic self-winding movement which powers the watch by movement of your hand. But if you do not wear your watch more than 24 hours it's necessary to wind it up.
Unscrew the winding head counter-clockwise from the case. This puts the winding head in position 2. Start winding clockwise by turning the winding head 25 to 30 revolutions. You may need to pull out slightly on the winding head so it doesn't screw back onto the threads.
Do not overwind or you will break the mechanism.
When done, screw the winding head into position 1.
The best way to wind an automatic watch is by wearing it on your hand.
In my case, trying to set the date via the 'quick' method led to the balance wheel getting stuck somehow. I am new to mechanical watches, so I have no idea how this could happen.