I've attached a scan of an old oil painting I'm having restored. The portrait is of my great grandmother, who was born in Ireland and died in New York City in 1896. The portrait was made in America. Beyond that, we know very little about her. One small clue may be the pendant watch she's wearing. She must have been proud of it. Are there any pendant watch experts out there or can someone direct me to an authoritative source?
1. The image is certainly vague, but is the watches' style recognizable?
2. Was her's likely to be an American or European watch?
3. How widespread was their use in the Victorian Era? Presumably they were the feminine equivilent to pocket watches and fobs.
4. How relatively expensive were they (i.e, was the quality and price range as wide as it is today)?
5. Were there any contemporary social conventions regarding their use?
6. Who wore them? Were they symbols of class or vocation? A friend thinks that they were commonly worn by school teachers, nurses and other employed women.
Because of their connection to my great grandmother, I'm interested in learning more about the technology and history of pendant watches. Anything that will bring life to her portrait would be wonderful.