Glycine Watches History Timeline & Models
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  1. #1
    Member Emre's Avatar
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    May 2012

    Glycine Watches History Timeline & Models

    Let's create a reference article for Glycine Watches history timeline and related models. Upon Uwe's respective decision, we can have it as sticky.

    I am starting with my archives which is detailed in early years 1914-1940's, I've included also backed up advertisements and announcements. After 1946 I used different sources as mentioned below.

    Additional information is very welcome.

    18-May-10 Eugene Meylan ‘Eugène Meylan, élève de l'Ecole d'horlogerie ‘ ( student at the watchmaking school )
    29-Mar-11 Eugene Meylan ‘Eugène Meylan, élève de l'Ecole d'horlogerie ‘
    20-May-14 La Glycine Creation
    26-Aug-14 La Glycine 13 Calibers register
    25-Nov-14 La Glycine , register Hands, enamel dial and cases
    27-Jan-15 La Glycine 13 lignes first Ad in History
    06-Feb-15 La Glycine reg 6 cal
    20-Feb-15 La Glycine 13 lignes Ad
    13-Mar-15 La Glycine 9 & 13 lignes Ad
    23-Dec-15 La Glycine Ad with Building
    10-Jun-16 La Glycine 3 models reg
    15-Nov-16 La Glycine Piccola & Jofrette Anouncement
    06-Jun-17 Eugene Meylan & Henri Jeanerret ( Excelsior park ) Collective work
    23-Feb-18 La Glycine Job Post Outillliar
    03-Apr-18 La Glycine Job Post Chef d’Horlogerie
    18-Sep-18 La Glycine Buckle Ad, Sandoz repr
    28-Oct-18 Eugene Meylan & Henri Jeanerret Ancre 7 lignes
    27-Nov-18 Correction for above announcement
    07-Nov-18 La Glycine buckle register, L’Agrafe Glycine ( pat appl 27 Aug 1917 )
    27-Jan-19 Sonex SA Creation, Silene, Meylan & Jeanerret
    15-Oct-19 La Glycine purchase request Pignons
    09-Nov-20 Change name to Fabrique d’Horlogerie La Glycine, Piccola & Joffrette and 3 Caliber Register
    17-Nov-20 La Glycine P&J first Ad with Calibers
    07-Jul-21 La Glycine P&J 1 cal reg
    25-Mar-22 31 cal reg and La Glycine Ad
    29-Jan-23 6 cal reg
    07-Jul-23 La Glycine P&J change to Fabrique d’Horlogerie La Glycine( P & J gone )
    19-Oct-23 La Glycine receives Chronometer grade Cal 17 prize
    14-May-26 Eugene Meylan, Fabrique de Sertissages «Précis» (E. M., du Chenit), fabrique de' sertissages reg
    28-Dec-27 Eugene Meylan, Sertissages Precis Ad
    04-Jan-27 31 cal reg La Glycine
    14-Oct-27 Eugène Meylan, Fabrique de Sertissages Précis, La Chaux-de-Fonds taking repr of Bulle Clock

    6 cal reg la Glycine

    Glycine starts signing their dials ' Genève '
    17-Apr-29 Basel Fair Glycine 10K + francs
    03-May-30 Liege Fair La Glycine
    23-Jul-37 1 cal reg La Glycine, Rolex Screw down crown warning
    09-Aug-30 Glycine, Doxa and Meyer & Studeli ( Roamer ) forms 'Medex', a cooperation to boost sales in the German Market
    25-Oct-30 Eugene Meylan buying Chronomuri SA
    28-Mar-31 Basel Fair Glycine Watch SA
    09-Jun-31 Automatic EMSA reg and 5 digit patents reg on company
    01-Aug-31 Glycine Automatic EMSA Ad and looking for Distributors Hotel Elite Bienne
    05-Sep-31 Glycine Dial Windows Patent reg
    09-Sep-31 Automatic patent (24.Oct’30) transfer from Eugene Meylan, Le Chaux de Fonds to Automatic EMSA company
    14-Oct-31 Eugene Meylan, Le Chaux de Fonds, Board meeting delay
    24-Oct-31 Basel Fair 1931 list and Fernand Engel of Glycine et Pretto
    08-Dec-31 Automatic EMSA creation, Robert Muller designer
    23-Jan-32 Eugene Meylan, Le Chaux de Fonds bankrupt-closed
    07-May-32 ‘ Precis’ Eugene Meylan Bankrupt
    29-Jun-32 ‘Precis’ furniture for sale Eugene Meylan
    19-May-33 Proxy from Charles Perret and Georges Flury to Fernand Engel and Fils’d’Eggiwil
    31-May-33 Exclusive use Warning for the Automatic EMSA for Glycine and Pretto Watch Companies
    14-Feb-34 Article from Fernand Engel for Glycine
    14-Mar-34 Basel Fair Glycine Participant
    12-Dec-34 1 cal reg Glycine
    21-Aug-35 1 cal reg Glycine
    23-Aug-35 Automatic EMSA patent moved to Glycine reg
    19-Sep-35 Fernand Engel proxy removed
    22-Apr-36 1 cal reg Glycine
    15-Oct-36 Eugene Meylan,Precis Sertissages, Bulle Clock repr,

    Basel Fair Glycine, due to economical crisis, Glycine is one of only 29 exhibitiors, an exhibition which Glycine did not miss since 1929

    Glycine launches ' Bienne - Genève ' dial marks,used until 1943
    30-Apr-38 Glycine Fernand Engel reg Fountain Pen
    19-Oct-38 Glycine Fernand Engel and Albert Kohler
    24-Nov-38 Glycine proxy to Louis Engel Fernand d’Eggiwil
    06-Jul-39 Glycine Waterproof, anti-shock Ad
    03-Aug-39 New York World Fair Glycine Ad and review
    17-Apr-41 Glycine anticipant in Europe Tour Fair
    25-Apr-41 Basel Fair Participant Glycine
    24-Jul-41 Basel Fair Glycine Review of precious stones and 17 lignes slim movement
    12-Nov-42 Fernand Engel proxy off due to death
    1942 Glycine’s ébauche divisions are acquired by ASUAG
    22-Apr-43 Basel Fair Glycine participant
    23-Jul-43 Glycine,M.Vital Robert Engel proxy off for branch Manager
    11-Sep-43 Vital Robert Engel proxy for Board of Directors
    28-Oct-43 Glycine Bienne Geneve Models Ad
    1943 Charles Hertig Evilard takes over Glycine from Certina ( Kurth Freres, Grana )
    01-May-46 Glycine Basel Fair participant
    1952 C.H Evilard who also owns Altus Watches SA, integrates Altus to Glycine Watches SA
    1953 Glycine launches the legendary ‘ Airman ‘ watches. Applies for the 24 hour bezel patent. Swiss Pat 314 050, patent applied for Dec 1953, granted in May 1956. The first Airman, AM/PM was retailing for USD 51,95 while Rolex Submariner in 1955 was USD 70,00.
    1953-60 Airmen are casing 23 jewels,Felsa 692 N ( Bidynator - modified to 24 hour purist mechanism). First Airman was the AM/PM model with pencil hands in 1953 with patent pending marks on case back , no hack mechanism, red date. Next model had tailend at the minute hand and date magnifier 1954-56. Another evolution switched the tailend to the hour hand 1957-58 and onwards.
    1960-67 Airmen are casing A.Schild 1700/01 movement.Airman 'Special' 17 Jewels, Airman 25 Jewels. The price of the Airman Special at this time is USD 79,20 for AOPA members and USD 88,00 for non-members.Airman with 25 Jewels is retailed for USD 96,80 for AOPA members, USD 121,00 for non-members.
    1967-71 Airmen are casing A. Schild 1903 movement, (~ 1965 or serial number ~ 600,000 the screw down case backs are switched to snap back ).1969 Pilot's Magazine for AOPA members:Glycine Airman with leather strap: USD 140,00 with fixoflex strap USD 150,00. Airman SST ( Pumpkin ) with stainless steel bracelet: USD 165
    1971-74 Airmen are casing A. Schild 2063 movement
    1974-1978 Airmen are casing A. Schild 2163 movement ( no hack pin, hacking movement only )
    1961 Vacuum cased Watches are introduced in different forms, registered model ' Vacumatic '
    1964 Charles Evilard Jr. ( son of Charles Hertig d'Evilard Sr ) opens a service center in USA for Glycine. An Airman watch costs 99 USD at that time
    1965 Charled Evilard Jr. returns to Switzerland due to his fathers death. Samuel Werner Glur ( Sales Mng at Glycine ) takes over Glycine Watches SA
    1967 Werner Siegrist from Glycine Switzerland moves to the USA for the Glycine Service Center 1968-72 and afterwards purchases the company
    1967 Glycine starts using the ‘ Crown ‘ logo

    Glycine launches ‘ Combat ‘ , ‘ GMT ‘ , ' Airman SST Chronograph ' and Airman SST and ' Glycine Automatic Sport SST' lines paying tribute to the Super Sonic Transport project, Boeing 2707.

    Glycine introduces its first Quartz timepieces
    1970’s Compressor and Spectrum lines are introduced ( using ETA's first high frequency 28.800 A/h movement, 1968 and onwards )
    1974 Samuel Werner Glur is succeeded by Charles Evilard Jr due to death
    1979 First Glycine Airman ‘ Quartz’ watch is introduced
    1984 Hans Brechbuhler ( owner of Belinda Watches SA 1966, ex- Charles Monnier SA )takes over Glycine from Charles Evilard Jr – son of Charles Hertig d'Evilard
    1989 Werner Siegrist with his ' Falcon ' brand (est 1991 ) starts producing Airman GMT 2000 model, followed by GMT 2001 in 1995,GMT 3000 in 2001
    1996 Glycine launches their first website
    1999 KMU 48 is introduced
    2002 Glycine and Belinda Watches emerge
    2002 F-104 is introduced

    Katharina Brechbuhler takes over Glycine Watches SA from his father Hans Brechbuhler

    Glycine Airman 7 Plaza is introduced

    Hans Brechbuhler, who saved Glycine in the Quartz era passed away

    Airman SST tribute to 1967-69 SST Chronograph is introduced
    2011 Altus Holding takes over Glycine Watches SA ( Altus Holding has nothing to do with the Hans Troesch Altus from Evilards ). New CEO is Stephan Lack

    Airman Vintage 1953 model is introduced paying tribute the 1953 model AM/PM Airman

    60 years Glycine Airman is celebrated with the slogan ' Play it again Sam '. Airman is produced in rose gold, white gold and in platinum trio collector box.


    European Patent Office

    ETA Library

    La Chaux de Fonds Chronicles

    Bill Shaine archives

    Marshall's Handy Manual 1947 and 1966 Editions

    Swiss Timepiece Makers 1775-1975 , Kathleen H. Pritchard

    Glycine Watches SA Sales Booklet 1972
    Last edited by Emre; October 30th, 2013 at 18:33. Reason: additional information

  2. #2
    Member Uwe W.'s Avatar
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    Re: Glycine Watches Timeline ( please contribute )

    Good idea - and it makes more sense as a sticky than a few of the others do. I'll try to stay on top of adding any submissions in the following posts to the OP so that it's the only one that needs to be read.

  3. #3
    Member Emre's Avatar
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    Re: Glycine Watches Timeline ( please contribute )

    Glycine Airman Movements Chart:

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    ref: Tomas Osterman, John Theobald, Werner Siegrist, Andre Stikkers

    Glycine Watches Manufacture Movements and 1970's models chart and reference numbers:

    click on picture for complete chart at

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  5. #4
    Member Emre's Avatar
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    Re: Glycine Watches Timeline ( please contribute )

    Useful articles and links related with Glycine vintage timepieces:

    Eugene Meylan and Glycine Early Automatics ( WUS Article )

    Early Glycine Airman AM/PM and following models ( WUS Article )

    Review of Glycine Watches in New York World's Fair 1939 ( WUS Article )

    Glycine Patents ( )

    Glycine Watches Early History 1914 - 1940 ( )

    Glycine Collection (personal collection, )

    Interview with Stephan Lack,CEO of Glycine Watches SA 2013 ( WUS Article )

    Interview with Hans Brechbuhler, owner of Glycine Watches SA pre-2000 ( external link )

    Glycine Airman models,pictures and information ( Andre Stikkers' website, )
    Last edited by Emre; October 30th, 2013 at 18:39. Reason: link additions

  6. #5
    Member Emre's Avatar
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    Re: Glycine Watches Timeline

    Was trying out the camera and decided to put together the dial marks I have on my timepieces. The font characters and logos, models would help determining the approximate dates of manufacture. Post if you have different ones we might put it together. Note that, this information is limited to my collection and might vary.


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    1926 -1943: (start date due to bezel markings )

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    1926- 1931:

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    1928- 1938:

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    1936- 1943:

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    1936 La Classification Horlogère Book lists this ad below with both building in Bienne and Geneve for Glycine:

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    1953 -55:

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    1960 -1967:

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    1967 - 1969:

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    1967 - recent:

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    Last edited by Emre; December 28th, 2013 at 23:18. Reason: add pic
    Dennis Smith likes this.

  7. #6
    Member Emre's Avatar
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    Re: Glycine Watches Timeline

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    I am happy to report that we have a Glycine Vintage Watches Facebook Page now:
    It is supported by the Bienne Made Glycine Watch SA.
    A good beginning for the 100th year organization, appreciate your support.
    In the same time we've also created an email address which I am volunteering for vintage Glycine watches concerns:

    [email protected]
    Last edited by Emre; January 13th, 2014 at 13:14.

  8. #7
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    Re: Glycine Watches History Timeline & Models

    This post will cover the patents invented by Glycine. There are also several patents and inventions which have not been invented but used by Glycine. Will prepare another post for that, to be continued.

    1. The first registered patent by ' Fabrique d'horlogerie La Glycine ' is
    a buckle for wrist-watch strap in 1918, CH77684

    This buckle was adjusting the length of straps and was estimable for its time. Sandoz Fils & Co as its representative of the ' L'Agrafe Glycine ' was aggressively promoting and advertising it in the chronicles. Obviously it was valued by Glycine, therefore has also patents registered in Denmark DK25397C (1919) , France FR494919A (1919), Germany DE337821C (1919) and Austria AT84063B (1920).

    2. Patent
    CH143069A from 1931, registering the movement shape, particularly ' baguette ' form, patented by ' Fabrique d'horlogerie La Glycine ' :

    3. The famous ' Automatic Module ' from the founder of Glycine, Eugene Meylan
    . CH149137 and CH149138 from 1931. This module was a genius invention which could be mounted with simple adjustments on any 8,75 lignes hand winding movements
    and turn them into self-winding/automatic watches.

    This invention has been moved through several companies' registration. Some of them have been applied for patent but not registered, therefore we see some unrelated patent numbers on those automatic modules. Detailed information in: Glycine Patents Vintage Automatic Airman

    4. Patent CH148534
    from 1931, registering jump hour,minute and seconds watches' functions.Registered by ' Fabrique d'horlogerie La Glycine:

    I've seen several jump hour watches from the 30's but unfortunately didn't see yet one signed by Glycine. How many of these timepieces have been produced, we don't know yet, and more important if they have survived into our timeline. Please drop me a message if you have or seen one. Related advertisement from 1930s, thanks to the NAWCC museum archives:

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    5. CH159200 from 1932, registering the ' fold lever crown ' by ' Fabrique d'horlogerie La Glycine ':

    This was a chic invetion for cushion watch cases:

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    6. CH314050
    from appl. 1953, reg. 1956, the famous 24 hours bezel which we see in the legendary Glycine 'Airman' ,
    ' The Chief ' line.This bezel became famous in GMT watches and is still being used by many other brands with GMT complication.

    Registered by then President of Glycine watches Charles Hertig Evilard and the Sales Manager Hans Werner Samuel Glur. This patent includes two figures. First is the 24 hour bezel and the second one is the crown which is locking the bezel. There is an US patent from Sicura Watches from the 70's which also refers to this patent for the crown - bezel locking system.

    Mind that the 24 hour bezel is used by most of the watchmakers and brands even to-day. I believe that this is one of the most widely used inventions which has been found by Glycine, but not enough credited that for.

    An Airman case-back,manufactured from applied but not registered time ( 1953-1956 ):

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    Airman case-back markings after the patent registration, post 1956:

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    7. CH538135 from 1973, registering kind of stem related function in the movement, invented by Denis Maillard of 'Fabrique d' Horlogerie Glycine & Altus SA'.

    Unfortunately during turbulent times, economic recessions, wars and finally the quartz hit, the company had ups and downs in the market. But as seen, it has serious commitments and contributions for the watch industry, especially the 24 hour bezel function which is in the market since 60 years and widely popular within cross brands.

    Last edited by Emre; January 14th, 2014 at 00:25.

  9. #8
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    Re: Glycine Watches History Timeline & Models

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    In early January 1972, five people find themselves in a restaurant in Nidau, Bienne​​. The owners of Glycine & Altus, Wyler, Milus, Delvina and Buttes Watches are discussing the latest trend - LED Watches and sadly admitting that they have to catch the wagon and switch from traditional watchmaking to technologic manufacture.Buttes Watches owner has to justify to his 84 years old father: Father, if we don't cope with the new trend we will lose our market shares, we have to switch, that's an obligation....

    11 March 1972 ' Ditronic ' is born. 5 companies whose annual turnover is appr. 50 Mil Franks back then,enter the LED Watches market by uniting.Samuel Glur from Glycine is experienced in the US market due to the succesful Airman launch and popularity. He arranges Optel Corporation from New Jersey, USA to produce the digital watches, and hopes are planted that one day the manufacture can come back to the Swiss Valleys. The joint venture, presents in April 1972 the Ditronic line of watches in Baselfair and this is how Glycine survives through the Quartz,LED,LCD crisis:

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    custody of:

  10. #9
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    Re: Glycine Watches History Timeline & Models

    After my laptop crashed down with all the archives in the disc, not completely backed up,I really was worried.Interestingly, yesterday it has decided to work again for a few hours,just enough time for me to copy all hard-disc.
    This gave me the opportunity to go through the 30gb data;in the dusty shelves, I found the happy news from Glycine + Altus Watch Factories merge in 1963.Somebody was very romantic in phrasing it.Since its creation by Hans Troesch, Montres Altus kept a decent manufacture quality, incorporating in A. Lange & Soehne form calibers in 1928. It was 43 years old when they merged. Glycine Watch Factory was 49 years old at that time and they shared this joy with public announcing it as below:

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  11. #10
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    Re: Glycine Watches History Timeline & Models

    The catalogue of Glycine watches in 1943:

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    More vintage Glycine Timepieces and information in our fan page:

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